Indian history is so rich that in every part of the country you will see a historical place, ancient fort and grand palace. The historical stories of love, valor, power, and war are hidden behind these historic sites. So, let’s know the most beautiful and culturally riched historical places in India.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra Uttar Pradesh:
It can not be said about the historic sites of India and the Taj Mahal agra is not remembered. Taj Mahal was built in 1632 by mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal.
It took about 22 years to build the Taj Mahal built with white marble. More than 25000 artisans built the Taj Mahal after 22 years of hard work. This is one of the historical places in India.
2. Qutub Minar, Delhi:
The construction work of Qutub Minar was started in 1199 by Qutub Ud Din Aibak. Later Aubek’s successor built three floors in Qutub Minar and made After that, Firoz Shah Tughlaq also rebuilt it.
Qutub Minar is an amazing example of the architecture of the Muslim Empire. This complete tower is made of red sandstone and the rectangle of the Qur’an is also written on it.
3. Red Fort, Delhi:
The fort was built by Shah Jahan between 1638 and 1648. When Shah Jahan had left Delhi and made Delhi his capital, Lalquille was constructed, which took about 10 years to build. Then the name was named Qila A Mubarak.
After the Mughal rule, most British programs were done in the Red Fort only during the British rule.
4. India Gate, Delhi:
The construction of the this Gate was done by the British rulers in memory of 82,000 soldiers who were admitted to the British army and were martyred in World War I.
The names of British soldiers and some officers are also shown on India Gate. Viewing this monument made of red sandstone is a different experience. This is one of the historical places in India.
5. Varanasi Ghat, Varanasi:
One of the historic sites of India is Varanasi Ghat. Varanasi is a very sacred place for Hindus. People in Varanasi come to get salvation. Varanasi is not only a place in India but a famous liberation spot in the world.
Varanasi is a distinct feature of the ghat, that the people believe that anyone who has a bath in the holy Ganga here will get salvation. During the festivals, the glow of Varanasi Ghat is visible.
6. Victoria Memorial, Kolkata:
The Victorian Memorial was built in the joy of the end of British rule and in the form of a grave of the British period. Even today, you can see pictures of people of royal families at this place.
You will also find them related to the relics associated with them. This is one of the historical places in India.
7. Golden Temple, Amritsar:
This Temple is not only in India but also in the famous historical sites around the world. This Temple was built by Arjun Dev ji, the 5th Guru of the Sikhs in the 16th century.
Maharaja Ranjit Singh had covered the roof of this temple with 400 grams of gold, due to which its name became the Golden Temple. This is one of the historical places in India.
8. Bibi Ka Maqbara, Aurangabad Maharashtra:
The tomb of Bibi was constructed by Aurangzeb’s son Azam Shah in 1678 in memory of his mother Dilraj Banu. This is one of the historical places in Maharashtra.
Samadhi was built on the main door. Its design is exactly like the Taj Mahal. Bibi Ka Maqbara was designed by At-Ullah, a beta of Ahmed Lahauri who designed the Taj Mahal.
9. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur Rajasthan:
Hawa Mahal was constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in 1799 in Jaipur city of Rajasthan. This palace made of pink stones is a special thing that even if you do not walk outside you will also feel the cold air.
There are 953 windows in this palace. This is one of the famous historical places in Rajasthan.
At that time it was compulsory for women to wear. Therefore, the Hawa Mahal was constructed by keeping women in mind.
The women of the castle could take a look outside these windows but no one could see them from outside.
10. Khajuraho Temples, Madhya Pradesh:
The Khajuraho temple is located in Khajuraho, the city of Madhya Pradesh. This is a world heritage site. To see this temple a large number of tourists come every year. The special thing about this temple is that idols here represent sexuality.
These statues depicting different positions of sexuality are the center of attraction for the tourists. This is one of the historical places Madhya Pradesh. This is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.
11. Jal Mahal, Jaipur Rajasthan:
The special significance of this palace built in the 18th century is that it is a magnificent palace built in the water of the lake, which is so attractive to see that everyone is charmed.
It was built by Maharaj Jai Singh II of Amer. Its view is worth seeing. This is one of the historical places in India.
12. Konark Temple Puri Odisha:
This temple is completely dedicated to Sun God. It was constructed by Raza Narasimha Dev First of Gang Dynasty in 1278. This temple has been attracting everyone with its artistic grandeur even after its creation.
One of the historic sites of India, this temple attracts everyone from its ancient architecture, situated on the banks of the Bay of Bengal. This is one of the historical places in India.
13. Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh:
The remains of Lord Buddha are kept in the Sanchi Stupa located in Madhya Pradesh and this place is one of the most important religious places for those who follow the Buddhist religion. This is one of the famous historical monuments in India.
This is one of the famous places to visit in Sanchi. This famous historical site was built by Emperor Ashoka 3rd century BC and included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The dome of this stupa informs the wheel of law. It is also believed that this stupa also symbolizes the rule of freedom from the Buddha’s life and death.
14. Fatehpur Sikri, Agra:
Fatehpur Sikri city is located 40 kilometers from Agra included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the reign of Mughal ruler Akbar, the imperial city was the capital of the Mughals.
There was a time when there was a palace, separate buildings for the common people, the mosque, separate cast for the king, the different buildings for the army, and the bureaucracy.
The city’s identity is known as the Buland Darwaza. Also, this ancient city was home to the Sufi saint Salil Chishti.
15. Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi:
The finest collection of Indian and Iranian architecture is seen in Humanyu’s Tomb which is one of the famous historical sites of India.
Humayun’s wife Hamida Banu Begum built this mausoleum for her husband in the 15th century. The most special thing about this place is that apart from Humayun’s Tomb, you will also get to see very beautiful gardens. This is one of the UNESCO world heritage sites.
16. Agra Fort:
On hearing the name of Agra, the picture of Taj Mahal starts coming to mind. Agra has many historical buildings besides the Taj Mahal, which are very beautiful.
The Red Fort of Agra is one of those historic buildings. It is one of the finest specimens of Indo-Islamic architecture.
Agra Fort is a huge fort located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, just 2.5 kilometers from the world famous Taj Mahal. This grand structure, covering an entire city, was built in the year 1573 by the Mughal emperor Akbar himself.
When Agra was shifted from New Delhi, the Agra Fort was the main residence of the Mughals until the year 1638.
Agra Fort is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage due to its historical significance and unique construction.
17. Ajanta Caves, Aurangabad, Maharashtra :
These unique caves, hidden in the pit of darkness till Sadio, are situated at a distance of 99 km from Aurangabad. The credit for the discovery of these caves goes to the British military officer John Smith, who discovered them in the year 1819.
The graffiti and artistic sculptures in these 30 caves carved into the mountains fascinate the tourists. It is said that these caves were built in the second century. Ajanta caves are of two types.
One chaitya and the other stupa. The painting done on the walls of the cave during the Gupta period is the glorious capital of Indian painting. Most of the paintings here are related to Buddhism.
Due to Ajanta Caves being related to Buddhism, the Government of Japan has given the grant to build a nice road from Aurangabad to Ajanta, which has excellent restaurants and dhabas for eating and drinking. These caves are open for tourists from 9 am to 5:30 pm.
18. Ellora Caves, Aurangabad, Maharashtra:
Ellora caves are at a distance of 30 km from Aurangabad. These caves are famous all over the world due to their magnificent crafts and architecture. The caves here provide Buddhist, Jainism cultures through sculpture. These rock-cut caves are 34 in number, out of which 16 are Hindu, 13 Buddhist, and 5 of Jainism.
Ajanta caves are famous for artistic reefs, while this are famous for sculpture. This Caves, surrounded by hills, are popular for their architecture, monasteries, and Buddhist temples. These ‘halls of worship’ were built in the 5th century AD.
The integration of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism will be seen here. The Kailasa temple is a good example of Dravidian art. There is an idol in Cave No. 10 which displays Buddha seated. It is known as Vishwakarma Cave.
You will see the great artistic splendor in these ancient sites which lively displays the ancient civilization of this country. Do you know that your visit to Ajanta and Ellora caves has actually shown you the largest monolithic structure in the world as well!
19. Nalanda University, Rajgir, Bihar:
Bihar, the eastern state of India, is one of the states in terms of tourism, which is a confluence of spirituality and history. Bihar is one of the most sacred places in the world for Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs. The main people of these three religions have been related to Bihar.
Nalanda is one of the oldest sites in India. Nalanda which is located in ancient Magadha has a large Buddhist monastery that symbolizes the rise of Buddhism.
Nalanda University is one of the oldest educational institutions in the world where Buddhism is taught. Actually, scholars from China, Central Asia, Tibet, Korea, etc. come here to study here, this place attracts them further. It is a matter of pride for Indians.
The history of Nalanda in Bihar is world-famous. The university established here in the fifth century was a center of knowledge for the whole world. The ruins of the university have been included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Indigenous and foreign tourists visiting here come across a glorious history of ancient India. This university is believed to have been founded by the Gupta ruler Kumaragupta in 450 CE.
20. Hampi, Karnataka:
Hampi city of Karnataka, the southern state of India, is famous for its extensive history. Hampi means champion! Hampi is a village situated amidst the ruins of the city of Vijayanagara which was the capital of the Vijayanagara Empire included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A huge army in the Vijayanagara Empire is said to have lived here in about 1500 AD, more than 500,000 people.
With time, invasion and mass destruction, this royalty was transformed into ruins. The large stones present here are made into statues of Hindu deities. Hampi’s strategic location was the Tungabhadra River flows in the vicinity and is surrounded by large hills on all three sides.
The people of Hampi religion also lived in Vijayanagara and they also built Virupaksha temple and many historical monuments in their empire. This is great living chola temples.
Although there are many famous Hindu temples in Hampi, in which we also see the influence of Vedanta theology, some temples of Hampi still worship God.
Due to the presence of Virupaksha Temple (also known as Pampavati Temple), this place is an important religious center.
There is a Jain temple on Hemkuta hill with two goddess temples. Which is located next to the idol of Lakshmi Narasimha. If we look at this linga carefully, we also see three eyes in it, which are also considered to be three eyes of lord Shiva.
Other temples around Hampi include the Yantrodhakar Anjaneya Temple, the Chandramouleshwara Temple and the Malavanta Raghunathaswamy Temple (with fish and sea motifs on the temple walls). The Malayavanta Raghunathaswamy Temple is built in the ancient Indian style of architecture.
The Malayavanta Raghunathaswamy Temple is built 3 kilometers below the ground. Its interior walls have a strange appearance and artworks of fish and sea creatures have also been made.
Hazara Ram Temple This is a ruined temple which has been given great importance in Hindu theology.
This temple is known for digging and inscriptions of more than 1000 videos and the ancient story of Ramayana.
The complex is popular for depicting the story of the Ramayana through carving and inscriptions on temple walls. This also carries rich history of south India.
21. Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh:
Ayodhya, located on the banks of River Saryu in India, is an ancient city in India and the birthplace of Lord Rama (the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu).
It is believed to be his birth place. The city was the capital of the ancient Kaushal empire. The history of the city of Ayodhya goes back to 9,000 years old. Ayodhya is a holy city and includes many Hindu temples. It is in Faizabad district of UP.
The city was also an important trade center in 600 BCE. Historians have identified the place as Saket, a major Buddhist center during the 5th century BCE (it is widely believed that the Buddha visited Ayodhya on several occasions) which remained until the 5th century AD.
The scriptures describe Ayodhya as a ‘city built by God’ which has been enriched as a paradise. However, the beauty of this city is that it combines the essence of all other religions such as Islam, including Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism. Five Tirthankaras were born here.
The city derives its name from King Ayodha, ancestor of Lord Rama. During the time of the Buddha, Ayodhya was known as Sakata.
There are many Buddhist temples, monuments and centers of learning established by the Maurya Empire and the Gupta dynasty. Valmiki is said to have started writing the Ramayana in Ayodhya.
If you go to Ayodhya then you should go to Hanuman Garhi in Ayodhya which is a big four sided fort with Hanuman temple. In the center of Ayodhya, Hanumangarhi has a huge temple of the devotee Hanumanji.
To reach the temple you have to climb at least 76 steps. According to a legend, Lord Hanuman lived in a cave here and protected Janmabhoomi or Ramkot (the main place of worship in Ayodhya).
It is believed that one should first take a glimpse of Bajrangbali in Hanumangarhi temple in Ayodhya and seek his blessings, then know other temples.
22. Charminar Hyderabad:
The name of Charminar comes at the top of the list of the main historical and tourist places of India. It is one of the main attractions of India, located in Hyderabad, the capital of Telangana. This is one of the famous historical monuments in India.
This is such a historical heritage, which has given Hyderabad a different identity in the whole country. People come from every corner of the world to see its grandeur, it is an internationally recognized historical building.
Due to its amazing structure and excellent architecture, this building is one of the 10 main historical monuments in the country.
This grand historical monument was built by Qutub Shah when he shifted his capital from Golconda to Hyderabad.
23. Gateway of India, Mumbai:
The Gateway of India, located opposite the Taj Hotel in Mumbai, is one of the ancient and important historical monuments of India.
This magnificent gate built during the time of the British is also the center of the main attraction of India, tourists come from every corner of the world to see it and admire its beauty.
Let me tell you that during British rule, this huge gate was constructed in the year 1924 for the purpose of entry and exit. After the independence of India, the last British ship passed through this gate.
This historical monument, 26 meters high, is also known as the shrine of India for ships, etc. coming by sea from the Arabian Sea. This historical monument is a wonderful depiction of strength, power, and peace.
24. Mysore Palace:
The Mysore Palace in Karnataka, India is also one of the ancient and historical heritage sites in India, which is famous all over the world due to its grandeur and attractiveness. This is one of the historical places in India. This palace is build like indo saracenic style.
Every year millions of tourists come to see this beauty. This royal fort is known as Amba Vilas Palace.
Palace Mysore is a huge palace not only promotes tourism in Karnataka but also displays the historical and cultural significance of the country in a very spectacular way.
Marvelous photographs on the walls of the Mysore Palace and the Golden Throne are its biggest features. This also carries rich history of south India.
25. Gol Gumbaz, Karnataka:
Gol Gumbaz located in Bijapur in the Karnataka state of India is the second-largest tomb in the world and the first largest tomb in India. This is one of the famous historical places in India.
This ancient and magnificent dome is the main attraction for the tourists of India, also known as the Victory Pillar of the Deccan architecture. This also carries the rich history of south India.
It took nearly 20 years to build this unique and exceedingly beautiful mausoleum of Muhammad Adilshah, the seventh ruler of the Adilshahi dynasty and Sultan of Bijapur.
The specialty of this largest mausoleum of the country is that in its gallery, 7 times the sound is echoed and a clear sound is heard from one side.
26. Jaisalmer Fort:
Jaisalmer Fort, located in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan, is famous all over the world for its amazing design and unique architecture. Tourists come from far and wide to see its beauty. This is one of the famous historical places in india.
This fort is the largest fort in the world and one of the major attractions of Rajasthan. Very beautiful havelis, big buildings and temples are built inside this huge fort, which makes this fort different from other forts.
Apart from the historical significance of this fort, it is also known for its unique blend of Indian, Islamic and Persian architecture.
27. Rani ki Vav, Gujarat:
When you explore the Queen’s Wave Stepwell, you will feel like climbing an ant, as it is a huge structure that is about 24 meters deep.
One of the most unexplored famous historical places in India, this stepla building was built in the 11th century AD, as a monument to King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty by his wife Rani Udayamati.
The lowest level of steppes was previously used as a way to escape from neighboring villages.
28. Elephanta Caves:
There are many famou historical places in India, which are very spectacular and worth visiting. One such place is Elephanta, where the caves are a major attraction for tourists.
Elephanta Island is located at a distance of 10 km from the Gateway of India, located in the city of Mumbai, Maharashtra. Elephanta also known as Gharapuri was the island capital of Konkani Maurya.
The name Elephanta was given by the Portuguese because of the stone elephant built here. There are idols of many deities here. These sculptures carved out of the hills are inspired by South Indian sculpture. After coming here, it feels like coming to a different world.
Elephanta has a total of seven caves. These caves are believed to have been built by king of Rashtrakuta around the eighth century.
The main cave here has a total of 26 pillars, in which Lord Shiva is engraved in many forms. Among them, his Trinity statue is the most attractive, depicting his three forms.
The Elephanta Caves, located on the top of the hill, were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site in the early 1980s. The place is perfect for holidaying, trekking and picnic.
29. Golconda Fort:
Golconda Fort is just 11 km from Hyderabad. In the 15th century, Golconda lived a dazzling life. However, now only ruins of glorious past can be seen here.
This fort was built by the rulers of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, who ruled here from 1512. This is one of the famous historical places in india.
Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah Wali contributed the most to the fort. This fort was built to avoid the invasion of Mughals from the northern end. Acoustic is the biggest feature of this fort.
If you stand in the palace courtyard and clap, it can also be heard from the highest place of the palace, which is situated at a height of 91 meters from the main gate. It is believed that a secret tunnel connects the Golconda fort to Charminar. However, no evidence has been found in this regard.
30. Jallianwala Bagh:
After hearing the name of Jallianwala Bagh, any ordinary person will feel as if it is a simple park but those who know about the sad incident related to this park will be shocked to hear the name of this park. This Park is a very sad incident in the history of India.
Let me tell you that in April of 1919, when Gedier General REH Dyer announced the banning of any gathering and conferences due to suspicion of a rebellion.
It is said that this information was not known to the people properly, after which a peaceful gathering of people was taking place in Jallianwala Bagh on 13 April 1919 to celebrate the festival of Baisakhi.
On receiving information about this gathering, General Dyer reached there with 90 British soldiers. After this, the garden was taken home by the soldiers and without any warning, started firing bullets on the unarmed people present there. This is one of the historical places in india.
About 1650 rounds of bullets were fired in 10 minutes of firing. At that time Bagh was an empty ground lying behind the houses built there and there was a very narrow exit from there.
After the firing, people could not run out and they jumped into the only well in the garden and within a few minutes the well was also filled with corpses.
The wounds inflicted by the British in Bagh still appear in this park. Let us tell you that there is a wall at the end of this park, which still has 36 bullet marks.
A well is located near the entrance of the park in which many people jumped out of fear as soon as they heard the sound of gunfire.
Hundreds of dead bodies were evacuated from the well after the firing stopped. These structures are a reminder of our freedom struggle and our sacrifices made by our predecessors in building an independent India.
It is located just 1.3 kilometers near the Swarn Mandir in Amritsar. You can also take a trek from the temple to Jallianwala Bagh here. Auto rickshaws, taxis or cabs available from many parts of Amritsar city can easily reach the park.
If you want to travel to Amritsar by plane, then let us know that Guru Ram Das Ji International Airport, located about 11 km from the city center of Amritsar, is well connected to many major cities of India. From Delhi, Chandigarh, Srinagar, Jammu, you will get many flights to Amritsar.
Q. How many historical places are in India?
A. India is a historical place with rich culture and historical monuments. Most of India’s historical places took place in UNESCO world heritage sites. To know about the historical places in India read the article below…
Q. What are the top 10 monuments in India?
A. The top 10 monuments in India are Taj Mahal, Mysore Palace, Gateway of India, Red Fort, Hawa Mahal, Qutub Minar, Sanchi Stupa, Charminar, Victoria Memorial, Golden Temple.
Q. What are the 20 monuments?
A. The top 10 monuments in India are Taj Mahal, Mysore Palace, Gateway of India, Red Fort, Hawa Mahal, Qutub Minar, Sanchi Stupa, Charminar, Victoria Memorial, Golden Temple, Amber Fort, Agra Fort, Khajuraho Temples, Bibi Ka Maqbara, Hawa Mahal, Jal Mahal, Konark Temple, Fatehpur Sikri.
Q. Which is the most visited monument in India?
A. The Taj Mahal was the most visited landmark in India among public and global guests the same, with 5.7 million homegrown and 0.8 million worldwide visitors paying to gaze at the marble wonder.