Today, we are going to tell you about some dam that is the highest dam in the world on the basis of size and structure. Dam work is to stop running water but man has to use it according to his needs, for which the dams are built on the rivers. This stops the water and collects it in one place. Today I am going to give you a list top 10 highest dams in the world.
List Of Top 10 Highest Dam In The World:
Dams are the marvel of present engineering as well as our big cement walls with gates and channels built across the rivers for hydroelectric power irrigation or generation. The dam’s height depends on several factors such as the neighboring topography, the suggested purpose of that dam, the stream of that river as well as the rainfall pattern of the area.
The higher the dam is, the bigger its reserve capability. Here I am providing a list of the top 10 highest dams in the world.
JINPING-I DAM, CHINA
The highest dam in the world is the Jinping-I Dam of Sichuan, in China. Sitting over the Yalong River, the dam utilizes a twofold ebb and flow slight curve, and achieves 305 m (1,000 ft.) high – 5 m (16 ft. 4.8 in) taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The dam divider has a peak length of 568.5 m (1,865 ft.).
Development of the dam started on 12 November 2005, and the long procedure of filling the dam with water, known as impoundment, started on 8 October 2008, and when complete will make a supply region of 82.55 km² (888,557,250 ft²).
The hydroelectric power plant utilizes six Francis-type turbines of 600 MW each, making an aggregate of 3,600 MW. Structured by CHIDI, the dam is possessed by the Ertan Hydropower Development Company.
China is building 21 hydropower stations along the Yalong River (a tributary of the Yangtze River), with a limit of 30GW and creating 150 TWh every year. This makes Yalong River the third biggest hydropower base in China, after the Yangtze River and the Jinsha River.
NUREK DAM, TAJIKISTAN
The Nurek Dam is the second-high dam in the world. The height of the Nurek Dam is 300+ meters (about 980 ft.) and the length is 700 meters (2,300 ft.). This dam is built on the river Vakhsh in Tajikistan. The construction of this dam began in 1961 and ended in 1981. Nine Francis turbine generator power has been installed in the Nurek Dam. The capacity of the Nurek Dam is 3,015 MW.
XIAOWAN DAM, CHINA
The Xiaowan Dam is the third-high dam in the world. Its height is 292 meters (958 ft.). This dam is built on the river Lancang in China. It is mainly constructed for hydroelectric power and it supports approximately 4,200 MW station. This dam has been constructed between 2002 to 2010.
XILUODU DAM, CHINA
The curve dam is arranged on the Jinsha River which is the upper course of the Yangtze in China. The basic role of the dam is to create power as a hydroelectric power age and its capacity station has an installed limit of 13,860 MW.
Likewise, the dam gives flood control, and residue control and its managed water discharges are intended to improve the route downstream. The development of the dam was begun in 2005 and the principal generator was charged in 2013 and the last one in 2014.
The dam was worked by China Yangtze Power and is right now the third-biggest power station with the fourth-high dam in the world.
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GRANDE DIXENCE DAM, SWITZERLAND
Grande Dixence Dam has built on the Dixence River in Switzerland. The height of this dam is 285 meters (about 935 ft.) and the length is 700 meters 2,297 ft. This dam has also been built for hydroelectricity. This dam in Switzerland provides fuel to four power stations and the dam provides electricity to about 40,000 homes.
ENGURI DAM, GEORGIA
Like the Xiaowan dam, this is additionally a Concrete Arch Dam and is the second tallest curve dam in the world with a tallness of 271.5 meters. It has been built over the Inguri Dam in the Georgian mountains north of a town named Jvari and structures a huge repository that has been utilized to appropriate water and produce control. The development of this dam started in 1961 and thus finished in 1978.
YUSUFELI DAM, TURKEY
The proposition for the development of a dam on the Coruh River close to Yusufeli, in the Turkish area east of the Black Sea, created much contention. The venture required the development of thirteen dams for hydropower age; two have just been manufactured and two others are under construction.
TEHRI DAM, INDIA
This Tehri Dam of Uttarakhand is the highest dam in India and the second-highest dam in Asia and the eighth-high dam in the World. It’s on the Bhagirathi River neighboring the Tehri Garhwal in Uttarakhand, India.
The THDC India Ltd built this Tehri Dam. So, the dam has predicted to produce around 2400 megawatts of power. And thus the total budget related to this Tehri Dam scheme is about INR 8000/- crores.
NUOZHADU DAM, CHINA
Nuozhadu Hydropower Station is a world-class tremendous task. It faces high specialized indexes and entangled geographical conditions. Numerous specialized indexes including the dam, spillway, underground powerhouse, and so forth are among the top in the world.
The tallness of the rock earth center shake fill dam is No.1 in Asia and No.3 in the world. And thus the underground powerhouse is one of the biggest one of a kind in China. So, the open spillway has the biggest scale in Asia and has the biggest flood release power and stream speed in the world.
MANUEL MORENO TORRES DAM, MEXICO
The Chicoasén Dam (authoritatively known as the Manuel Moreno Torres Dam) is a bank dam as well as the hydroelectric power station on the River Grijalva close to Chicoasén of Chiapas, in Mexico. The dam’s capacity plant, officially named Manuel Moreno Torres dam, contains 5 x 300 MW, and 3 x 310 MW Francis turbine generators.
Torres was Comisión Federal de Electricidad’s (the dam’s proprietor) Director-General in the later 1950s; the original generators were first operational in 1980 while the 310 MW units had been requested in 2000 and operational by 2005.
Since then, the hydroelectric power station is the biggest in Mexico; the dam had structured in the mid-1970s and developed somewhere in the range of 1974 and 1980 under land and topographical constraints.
It is an earth and shakes fill dike type with a tallness of 261 m (856 ft) and a length of 485 m (1,591 ft), it retains a repository of 1,613,000,000 m3 (1,307,680 acre-ft) and thus lies at the leader of a 52,600 km2 (20,309 sq mi) catchment zone. So, it is the tallest dam in North America.