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List of India States and Capitals and Union Territories

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India is the seventh largest country in the world and second in terms of population. India is a country located in South Asia. It is very difficult to run a large country from one place. The North Indian constitution gives the central government the right to make states as it sees fit. India currently has 29 states and 9 union territories.

India has 28 states and 9 union territories. The head of the state is the chief minister and the head of the Union Territory is called Deputy Governor or Administrator. In this post for General Knowledge, the names India states and capitals will be given. Hope this information on Indian states and their capitals will be very important and good for you.

India is a country exhibiting unity in diversity. Here each state has different languages, living and speaking and culture also appear different every 40-50 kilometers.

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The India States and Capitals:

India attained the status of a democratic republic on 26 January 1950. After complete freedom from the British administration, the ultimate power rested in the hands of citizens living in India. India is a country of diverse cultures. Stay tuned to this episode to learn about the 29 states and capitals of India. Below is the list of capitals of different states of India.

Each state appoints a chief minister who governs the state. Here we are providing a list of capitals of union territories of India along with names of 29 states of India. In 2000, 3 new states namely Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttaranchal were formed from Madhya Pradesh Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, in 2014 the state of Telangana was formed from Andhra Pradesh.

The Constitution disseminates administrative powers between the Center and the State. The Parliament is bicameral – the lower house is known as the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). At the state level, a few councils are bicameral and are kept running along the lines of the two places of the national Parliament.

A land favored in all terms, be it geography, regular excellence, populace, religion, culture, or language, India is home to twenty-eight States and nine Union Territories. One of a kind in their own specific manners, having an uncommon history and culture, the states and association domains in India never neglect to hypnotize guests with their unfurling puzzles and charm.

Everybody is aware that there are 28 states and 9 union territories in India. But not everyone is aware of all the states and their capitals of India. Looking at this, we have brought some interesting information to you today. Where you can learn about all the states of India and their capitals at a glance: India states and capitals

In India, each state has an administrative, legislative, and judicial capital, with some states having all three functions in one capital. It is a region that has its own Chief Minister. A state has its own separate government. State functions are carried out by the state government such as security, healthcare, governance, revenue generation, etc.

As responsible citizens, we should know about the states and capitals of India. States and capitals are asked general awareness questions in several competitive exams held across the country.

India currently has a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Every state in India has an administrative, legislative, and judicial capital, some states have all three functions in one capital. Each state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of Indian states, union territories, and their capitals

Among all the states, three states namely Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand have separate capitals for the summer and winter sessions of the legislature.

According to the preamble of the Indian Constitution, India is a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic, republican country. India follows a democratic parliamentary system. India has 28 states and 8 union territories. Union Territories are governed by the President of India.

The President is the executive head of the country and the governors are the executive heads of the states. State governments are similar to the central government. State governments are ruled by Chief Ministers.

Formation of States in India:

The States Reorganization Act enacted in 1956 was a major force in reorganizing the margins of Indian states along semantic lines. Later, as per an amendment to the Indian Constitution, the three types of states, known as Part A states, Part B states and Part C states, were changed to form a single type of state.

Part A: States belonging to the territories of former Governors of British India.
Part B: States belonging to former princely states
Part C: Involves States, both former Chief Commissioner’s Provinces and some Native States.
Although new changes in state boundaries have been introduced since 1947, the Act is still considered an authoritative player in implementing the current shape and forms in Indian states.

The India States and Capitals

Sl. No. States Capitals Established On

Official Website

1. Andhra Pradesh Amaravati 1953 Oct 1 https://www.aponline.gov.in/apportal/index.asp
2. Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 1987 Feb 20 http://www.arunachalpradesh.gov.in/
3. Assam Dispur 1912 Apr 1 https://assam.gov.in/
4. Bihar Patna 1936 Apr 1 http://gov.bih.nic.in/
5. Chhattisgarh Raipur 2000 Nov 1 https://www.cgstate.gov.in/
6. Goa Panaji 1987 May 30 https://www.goa.gov.in/
7. Gujarat Gandhinagar 1960 May 1 https://gujaratindia.gov.in/
8. Haryana Chandigarh 1966 November 1 http://haryana.gov.in/index.html
9. Himachal Pradesh Shimla 1971 Jan 25 https://himachaltourism.gov.in/
10. Jharkhand Ranchi 2000 Nov 15 https://www.jharkhand.gov.in/
11. Karnataka Bangalore 1956 Nov 1 http://www.karnatakatourism.org/
12. Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1956 Nov 1 https://kerala.gov.in/
13. Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1956 Nov 1 http://www.mp.gov.in/en
14. Maharashtra Mumbai 1960 May 1 https://www.maharashtra.gov.in/1125/Home
15. Manipur Imphal 1972 Jan 21 https://manipur.gov.in/
16. Meghalaya Shillong 1972 Jan 21 http://meghalaya.gov.in/megportal/
17. Mizoram Aizawl 1987 Feb 20 https://mizoram.gov.in/
18. Nagaland Kohima 1963 Dec 1 https://www.nagaland.gov.in/portal
19. Odisha Bhubaneswar 1936 Apr 1 https://www.odisha.gov.in/
20. Punjab Chandigarh 1947 Aug 15 http://punjab.gov.in/
21. Rajasthan Jaipur 1950 Jan 26 http://www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in/
22. Sikkim Gangtok 1975 May 16 http://www.sikkimtourism.gov.in/Webforms/General/Default.aspx
23. Tamil Nadu Chennai 1950 Jan 26 https://www.tn.gov.in/tamilnadustate
24. Telangana Hyderabad 2014 Jun 2 https://www.telangana.gov.in/
25. Tripura Agartala 1972 Jan 21 http://tripuratourism.gov.in/
26. Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 1902 Mar 22 http://up.gov.in/
27. Uttarakhand Dehradun 2000 Nov 9 https://uk.gov.in/
28. West Bengal Kolkata 1947 Aug 15 https://wb.gov.in/


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Union Territories of India:

There is a total of 9 union territories in India. States and Union Territories are further subdivided into districts and small administrative divisions. India, as the popularity-based country we know today, appeared on the fifteenth of August 1947, after picking up autonomy. It is a Republic, implying that the incomparable power lives in the hands of the kinsmen.

Every one of the choices is made by the delegates chosen by the general population under and inside a lot of keys, composed guidelines called the “Constitution”. The Constitution is an incomparable tradition that must be adhered to. It was received by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into power on 26 January 1950.

The preface of the Indian Constitution guarantees it to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic with a parliamentary arrangement of government. Directly, India contains 28 states and 9 Union Territories.

Union Territories of India

Sl. No. Union Territory Capitals Established On Official Website
1. Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1956 Nov 01 https://www.andamantourism.gov.in/
2. Chandigarh Chandigarh 1966 Nov 01 http://chandigarh.gov.in/
3. Dadra and Nagar Haveli Silvassa 1961 Aug 11 http://dnh.nic.in/
4. Daman and Diu Daman 1987 May 30 https://daman.nic.in/
5. Delhi NCR New Delhi 1956 (Converted to Union territory) http://ncrpb.nic.in/ncrconstituent.html
6. Lakshadweep Kavratri 1956 Nov 1 https://lakshadweep.gov.in/
7. Puducherry Puducherry 1963 Jan 7 https://www.py.gov.in/
8. Jammu and Kashmir
9. Ladakh

*Jammu and Kashmir was a state of India until 5th August 2019. But after 5th August 2019, as Article 370 get removed, Jammu and Kashmir is no anymore a state. Instead, Jammu and Kashmir have now divided into 2 parts and thus added as 2 union territories such as Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.

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