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List of India States and Capitals and Union Territories

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India is the seventh largest country in the world and second in terms of population. India is a country located in South Asia. It is very difficult to run a large country from one place. The North Indian constitution gives the central government the right to make states as it sees fit. India currently has 29 states and 9 union territories.

India has 28 states and 9 union territories. The head of the state is the chief minister and the head of the Union Territory is called Deputy Governor or Administrator. In this post for General Knowledge, the names India states and capitals will be given. Hope this information on Indian states and their capitals will be very important and good for you.

India is a country exhibiting unity in diversity. Here each state has different languages, living and speaking and culture also appear different every 40-50 kilometers.

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The India States and Capitals:

India attained the status of a democratic republic on 26 January 1950. After complete freedom from the British administration, the ultimate power rested in the hands of citizens living in India. India is a country of diverse cultures. Stay tuned to this episode to learn about the 29 states and capitals of India. Below is the list of capitals of different states of India.

Each state appoints a chief minister who governs the state. Here we are providing a list of capitals of union territories of India along with names of 29 states of India. In 2000, 3 new states namely Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Uttaranchal were formed from Madhya Pradesh Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. Similarly, in 2014 the state of Telangana was formed from Andhra Pradesh.

The Constitution disseminates administrative powers between the Center and the State. The Parliament is bicameral – the lower house is known as the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the upper house is known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). At the state level, a few councils are bicameral and are kept running along the lines of the two places of the national Parliament.

A land favored in all terms, be it geography, regular excellence, populace, religion, culture, or language, India is home to twenty-eight States and nine Union Territories. One of a kind in their own specific manners, having an uncommon history and culture, the states and association domains in India never neglect to hypnotize guests with their unfurling puzzles and charm.

Everybody is aware that there are 28 states and 9 union territories in India. But not everyone is aware of all the states and their capitals of India. Looking at this, we have brought some interesting information to you today. Where you can learn about all the states of India and their capitals at a glance: India states and capitals

In India, each state has an administrative, legislative, and judicial capital, with some states having all three functions in one capital. It is a region that has its own Chief Minister. A state has its own separate government. State functions are carried out by the state government such as security, healthcare, governance, revenue generation, etc.

As responsible citizens, we should know about the states and capitals of India. States and capitals are asked general awareness questions in several competitive exams held across the country.

India currently has a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories. Every state in India has an administrative, legislative, and judicial capital, some states have all three functions in one capital. Each state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Here we have covered the list of Indian states, union territories, and their capitals

Among all the states, three states namely Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand have separate capitals for the summer and winter sessions of the legislature.

According to the preamble of the Indian Constitution, India is a sovereign, secular, socialist, democratic, republican country. India follows a democratic parliamentary system. India has 28 states and 8 union territories. Union Territories are governed by the President of India.

The President is the executive head of the country and the governors are the executive heads of the states. State governments are similar to the central government. State governments are ruled by Chief Ministers.

Formation of States in India:

The States Reorganization Act enacted in 1956 was a major force in reorganizing the margins of Indian states along semantic lines. Later, as per an amendment to the Indian Constitution, the three types of states, known as Part A states, Part B states and Part C states, were changed to form a single type of state.

Part A: States belonging to the territories of former Governors of British India.
Part B: States belonging to former princely states
Part C: Involves States, both former Chief Commissioner’s Provinces and some Native States.
Although new changes in state boundaries have been introduced since 1947, the Act is still considered an authoritative player in implementing the current shape and forms in Indian states.

The India States and Capitals

Sl. No.StatesCapitalsEstablished On

Official Website

1.Andhra PradeshAmaravati1953 Oct 1https://www.aponline.gov.in/apportal/index.asp
2.Arunachal PradeshItanagar1987 Feb 20http://www.arunachalpradesh.gov.in/
3.AssamDispur1912 Apr 1https://assam.gov.in/
4.BiharPatna1936 Apr 1http://gov.bih.nic.in/
5.ChhattisgarhRaipur2000 Nov 1https://www.cgstate.gov.in/
6.GoaPanaji1987 May 30https://www.goa.gov.in/
7.GujaratGandhinagar1960 May 1https://gujaratindia.gov.in/
8.HaryanaChandigarh1966 November 1http://haryana.gov.in/index.html
9.Himachal PradeshShimla1971 Jan 25https://himachaltourism.gov.in/
10.JharkhandRanchi2000 Nov 15https://www.jharkhand.gov.in/
11.KarnatakaBangalore1956 Nov 1http://www.karnatakatourism.org/
12.KeralaThiruvananthapuram1956 Nov 1https://kerala.gov.in/
13.Madhya PradeshBhopal1956 Nov 1http://www.mp.gov.in/en
14.MaharashtraMumbai1960 May 1https://www.maharashtra.gov.in/1125/Home
15.ManipurImphal1972 Jan 21https://manipur.gov.in/
16.MeghalayaShillong1972 Jan 21http://meghalaya.gov.in/megportal/
17.MizoramAizawl1987 Feb 20https://mizoram.gov.in/
18.NagalandKohima1963 Dec 1https://www.nagaland.gov.in/portal
19.OdishaBhubaneswar1936 Apr 1https://www.odisha.gov.in/
20.PunjabChandigarh1947 Aug 15http://punjab.gov.in/
21.RajasthanJaipur1950 Jan 26http://www.tourism.rajasthan.gov.in/
22.SikkimGangtok1975 May 16http://www.sikkimtourism.gov.in/Webforms/General/Default.aspx
23.Tamil NaduChennai1950 Jan 26https://www.tn.gov.in/tamilnadustate
24.TelanganaHyderabad2014 Jun 2https://www.telangana.gov.in/
25.TripuraAgartala1972 Jan 21http://tripuratourism.gov.in/
26.Uttar PradeshLucknow1902 Mar 22http://up.gov.in/
27.UttarakhandDehradun2000 Nov 9https://uk.gov.in/
28.West BengalKolkata1947 Aug 15https://wb.gov.in/


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Union Territories of India:

There is a total of 9 union territories in India. States and Union Territories are further subdivided into districts and small administrative divisions. India, as the popularity-based country we know today, appeared on the fifteenth of August 1947, after picking up autonomy. It is a Republic, implying that the incomparable power lives in the hands of the kinsmen.

Every one of the choices is made by the delegates chosen by the general population under and inside a lot of keys, composed guidelines called the “Constitution”. The Constitution is an incomparable tradition that must be adhered to. It was received by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into power on 26 January 1950.

The preface of the Indian Constitution guarantees it to be a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, and Democratic Republic with a parliamentary arrangement of government. Directly, India contains 28 states and 9 Union Territories.

Union Territories of India

Sl. No.Union Territory CapitalsEstablished OnOfficial Website
1.Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPort Blair1956 Nov 01https://www.andamantourism.gov.in/
2.ChandigarhChandigarh1966 Nov 01http://chandigarh.gov.in/
3.Dadra and Nagar HaveliSilvassa1961 Aug 11http://dnh.nic.in/
4.Daman and DiuDaman1987 May 30https://daman.nic.in/
5.Delhi NCRNew Delhi1956 (Converted to Union territory)http://ncrpb.nic.in/ncrconstituent.html
6.LakshadweepKavratri1956 Nov 1https://lakshadweep.gov.in/
7.PuducherryPuducherry1963 Jan 7https://www.py.gov.in/
8.Jammu and Kashmir

*Jammu and Kashmir was a state of India until 5th August 2019. But after 5th August 2019, as Article 370 get removed, Jammu and Kashmir is no anymore a state. Instead, Jammu and Kashmir have now divided into 2 parts and thus added as 2 union territories such as Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh.

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