Rivers In India have been an important contributor to the economic and cultural development of the country since ancient times. The Indus Valley and the Aryan civilization have emerged in the valleys of the Indus and Ganga rivers. Even today, the highest population of the country and the accumulation of agriculture are found in river valley areas.
Due to commercial and transport facilities in ancient times, most of the cities of the country had developed on the banks of rivers, and even today, almost all religious places of the country are related to some rivers in India.
Classification Of Rivers in India:
Rivers in India can be classified into four groups such as
- Himalayan Rivers
- Peninsular Rivers
- Coastal rivers
- Rivers of the interstate flow area
Today we will talk about the major rivers in India and where they originate, what are their branch river and we will also discuss where they go and fall.
List Of Rivers In India:
Check out the list of rivers in India as well as their sources in this article below:
Its origin is in the Kailash mountain ranges in the Tibetan region, with a glacier near Bokhar Chu, which is located at an elevation of 4,164 meters. In Tibet, it is called Singhi Khamban or Sher River. The Indus River falls into the Arabian Sea east of Karachi.
The origin of the river Sutlej (origin) is the monster rhythm near Mansarovar lake located in the south of Kailash Mountain in Tibet. After crossing the mountainous region, it enters the plains near Rupnagar in Punjab. It collects the combined water of Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum rivers and goes to the Sindhu River in place of Mithankot in Pakistan.
It comes from a waterfall near Vereenag, located at an altitude of 4900 meters in the southeast of Kashmir Valley. Many rivers in Kashmir come by it. Before entering Pakistan, this river passes through a narrow and deep Mahabhaan flowing through Srinagar and Woolar lake and it gets near Chengh River (near the Zhang) in Pakistan.
Ravi is another supporting river of Indus. It comes from the west of Rohtang Pass in Kullu hills of Himachal Pradesh and flows through the Chamba Valley of the state. Beginning with its origin, it is 720 km away from the Chenab river near Multan in Pakistan. Determines the distance.
This river originates from the diameter Kund located at the height of 4067 meters in Rohtang Pass located in the Himalayas. In the whole Indus flow system, Beas is the only river that flows completely in India.
It is the most important river in northern India. In its catchment area, India’s most dense and fertile states come from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and West Bengal.
This river originates from Brahmagiri Hills in Kogadu district of Karnataka. In the Mysore Plateau or river, many rivers are made, in which Shivasamudram is famous.
Brahmaputra river is also called the daughter of Brahma. One of the largest rivers in the world, Brahmaputra is located in the Kailash mountain ranges near Chemayungdug glacier near Mansarovar lake.
The Yamuna is the most western and longest river (tributary river) of the Ganges. Its origin is Yamunotri glacier. Most of it comes in western and eastern Yamuna canals and Agra Nahar for water irrigation purposes.
It is also known as South Ganga. It originates from Nashik district in Maharashtra and falls into the Bay of Bengal.
The Mahanadi comes out near Sihava in Raipur district of Chhattisgarh. It flows through Orissa and immerses its water in the Bay of Bengal.
Chenab or Chandrabhaga River
The Chenab is the largest auxiliary river of Indus. This Chandra and Bhagwa meet two rivers, hence it is also called Chandrabhaga.
This river originates from Janapav hill near Mahu in central India, which is 616 meters high above sea level.
This river is a relatively small river coming out of the hills of Garhwal near Garrison. In the end, near Kannauj, it is found in the Ganges River.
Sharda or Sarju River
The origin of this river is in Pithoragarh district of Uttarakhand. It flows along the Indo-Nepal border, where Kali or Chaiq is called, the Ghaghara gets in the river.
The Ghaghara river is known as Karnali or Kuriala in the hill region and Ghaghara in the ground. The river Sharada meets in the ground and finally, it merges in the river Ganga in Chhapra, Bihar.
Koshi or Kosi River
It is one of the largest tributaries of the Ganges. Its origin is in the north of Mt. Everest in Tibb, from which Arun is its main body. Floods are abundant in this river, thereby causing a huge loss of wealth. Therefore it is also called the river of mourning.
It flows through Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Joulan and flows in the north-east direction.
On the south coast of Ganges, there is a large auxiliary river, which emerges from the Amarkantak Plateau. This river, which forms a series of waterfalls on the northern edge of the plateau, merges in river Ganga river near Patna from Patna in the west.
It is the second largest peninsular river flowing eastwards, which runs near Mahabaleshwar in Sahyadri. Its total length is 1,401 km is.
It is made up of Tunga and Bhadra rivers. Tunga falls from the Ganga Mool peak of Western Ghats of Karnataka and from Bhadra, Kadur district.
It is the third largest river in Gujarat after Narmada and Tapi. This river originates from Vindachal Mountains.
This river originates from an altitude of 1,057 meters from the western side of the Amarkantak plateau.
It is another important river in the west. It originates from Multai in Betul district of Madhya Pradesh. It merges in the Khambhat Bay near Surat.
This river flows on the eastern edge of Chhotanagpur plateau and falls through the Ghansh valley to the Hooghly river.
It is a tributary of the Ganges, which comes out from Darjeeling hills. This river is the last accessory river on the left bank of the Ganges in West Bengal.
Two currents near the river Luni, Pushkar, are produced in the form of Saraswati and Sagritya, which are interconnected near Gobindgarh. It flows westwards to Talwara and afterwards, it runs into the run of Kutch, flowing south-west direction.
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The origin of this river is located in Dungarpur district of Rajasthan in the hills of Aravali. From here it is about 300 k.m. in the south-west direction. After settling down, it merges into the Khambhat Bay.
List of major rivers of India
Place of origin
|1.||Indus River||2,880 (709)||Near Mansarovar Lake (Tibet)||Sutlej, Beas, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Shigar, Gilgit, Shyok||Jammu and Kashmir, Leh|
|2.||Jhelum River||720||Lake Sheshnag, Jammu and Kashmir||Neelum, Sindh||Jammu and Kashmir, Kashmir|
|3.||Chenab River||1,180||Near Barra’s Pass||ChandrabhagaJammu and Kashmir||Jammu and Kashmir|
|4.||Ravi river||725||Rohtang Pass, Kangra||Saho River, Soil River||Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab|
|5.||Satluj River||1440 (1050)||Rakasthanal near Mansarovar||Beas, Bipasa, Spiti||Himachal Pradesh, Punjab|
|6.||Beas River||470||Rohtang Pass||Tirthan, Parvati||Himachal Pradesh|
|7.||River Ganga||2,510 (2071)||From Gaumukh in Gangotri||Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti, Bagmati, Gandak, Kosi, Son, Alaknanda, Bhagirathi, Pindar, Mandakini||Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal|
|8.||Yamuna River||1375||Yamunotri Glacier||Chambal, Betwa, Ken, Tons, Giri, Kali, Sindh||Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Delhi|
|9.||Ramganga River||690||From a glacier near Nainital||Khone Phapheng Falls||Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh|
|10.||Ghaghara River||1,080||Matsatung (Nepal) glacier||Sharda, Karnali, Karvan, Rapti||Uttar Pradesh, Bihar|
|11.||Gandak River||425||Nepal closer to Mughal border on Tibet border||Kali, Gandak, Trishul, Ganges||Bihar|
|12.||Koshi or Kosi River||730||Saptakokoshiki (Gosaidam) in Nepal||Indravati, Tamur, Arun, Kosi||Sikkim, Bihar|
|13.||Chambal River||960||Janapav hill near Mhow||Kali, Sindh, Sitpa, Parvati, Banas||Madhya Pradesh|
|14.||Betwa River||480||Near Ubaidullah Ganj near Bhopal||Madhya Pradesh|
|15.||Son River||770||From the hills of Amarkantak||Rihand, Kunhad||Madhya Pradesh, Bihar|
|16.||Damodar River||600||South East from Chota Nagpur Plateau||Konar, Jamunia, Barakar||Jharkhand, West Bengal|
|17.||Brahmaputra River||2,880||Near Mansarovar lake (Sangpo in Tibet)||Ghansiri, Kapili, Suvensiri, Manas, Lohit, Nova, Padma, Dihang||Arunachal Pradesh, Assam|
|18.||Mahanadi River||890||Raipur near Sihava||Shivnath/Seonath, Hasdeo, Ong, Ib, Brahmani, Vaitarna||Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa|
|19.||Baitarani River||333||Keonar Plateau||Orissa|
|20.||Subarnarekha River||480||Chota Nagpur Plateau||Orissa, Jharkhand, West Bengal|
|21.||Godavari River||1,450||From the hills of Nasik||Pranhita, Penganga, Wardha, Wainganga, Indravati, Manjeera, Purna||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh|
|22.||Krishna River||1.290||Near Mahabaleshwar||Koyna, Yerla, Barna, Panchganga, Dudhganga, Ghatprabha, Malprabha, Bhima Tungprabha, Musi||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh|
|23.||Kaveri River||760||Brahmagiri near Kerkar||Hemavati, Lokpavana, Shimla, Bhavani, Amravati, Swarnavati||Karnataka, Tamilnadu|
|24.||Narmada River||1,312||Amarkantak Peak||Tawa, Sher, Shakkar, Dudhi, Barna||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat|
|25.||Tapti River||724||From Multai (Betul)||Purna, Betul, Ganjal, Gomai||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat|
|26.||Sabarmati River||716||Lake Jaisamand (Udaipur)||Wakal, Hathamati||Rajasthan, Gujarat|
|27.||Luni River||Snake mountain||Sukri, Janai, Bandi||Rajasthan, Gujarat, Mirudi, Joshi|
|28.||Banas River||From Khamanaur Hills||Khari, Musi||Karnataka, Tamilnadu|
|29.||Mahi River||From Lake Mehd||Somb, Jakham, Anas, Soran||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat|
|30.||Hooghly River||Near Nabadwip||Jalangi River|
|31.||Penna River||570||Nandi durg pahadi||Paadhdani, Chitravati, Sagileru|
|32.||Tungabhadra River||The Gomantak peak in the Western Ghats||Kumudvathi, Wardha, Tunga, Bhadra|
|33.||Mayusa River||Near Asonara|
|34.||Sabari River||418||Suikaram Hill||Sileru River|
|35.||Indravati River||531||Kalahandi, Orissa||Kotri, Narangi|
|36.||Shipra River||Kaakri Baradi Hill, Indore||Chambal River|
|37.||Sharda River||602||Milam glacier, Himalaya, Kumaun||Ghaghara River|
|38.||Tawa River||Mahadev Mountain, Panchamadi||Narmada River|
|39.||Hasdeo River||Kaimur hills in Sarguja||Mahanadi|
|40.||Kali Sindh River||416||Baglo, District Dewas, Vindhyachal Mountains||Yamuna River|
|41.||Sindh River||Siroj, Guna District||Chambal River|
|42.||Ken River||Vindhyachal Range||Yamuna River|
|43.||Parvati River||Vindhyachal, Madhya Pradesh||Chambal River|
|44.||Ghaggar River||Kalka, Himachal Pradesh|
|45.||Banganga River||494||Barrath Hills, Jaipur||Yamuna River|
|46.||Somb River||Beecha Menada, Udaipur||Jakham, Gomti, Sarni|
|47.||Aayad or Berach River||190||Gomunda Hill, Udaipur||Banas River|
|48||South Pinakini River||400||Chenna Keshav Hill, Karnataka|
|49.||Southern Tons River||265||Tamsa Kund, Kaimur Hill|
|50.||Daman Ganga River||Pashchim Ghaat|
|51.||Girna River||Pashchim Ghaat, Nashik|