Goa is the smallest state in India by area and the fourth smallest by population. Goa is known all over the world for its beautiful seaside and famous architecture. The smallest state of India Goa was previously a colony of Portugal. The Portuguese ruled Goa for about 450 years and in December 1961 it was handed over to the Indian administration.
Goa is situated on the western coast of the Indian peninsula. The state of Goa is bounded by the state of Maharashtra in the north, the state of Karnataka in the east and south and the Arabian Sea in the west and Panaji is the capital of Goa. Goa has an area of 3,702 square kilometers, it is an island-oriented city on the coastline, located 400 km south of Mumbai on the mainland. The smallest state in India Goa is known all over the world for its beautiful seaside and famous architecture.
History Of Goa:
In the Mahabharata, Goa is mentioned as a country of cow grazing. The South Konkan region is mentioned as a Goa nation. In some other old sources of Sanskrit, Goa has been called Gopakpuri and Gopakapattana which are mentioned in Harivamsham and Skanda Purana among other texts. Goa was later called Goanchal. Other names include Gove, Gowapuri, Gopakapatana, and Gomant. Ptolemy mentions Goa as Gooba around 200 AD.
Medieval travelers from Arabia have referred to the region as Chandrapur and Chandaur which was primarily a coastal city. The place where Portugal’s travelers named Goa is today’s small seaside town of Goa-Velha. Later the entire region came to be known as Goa which was occupied by the Portuguese.
Goa’s long history dates back to the third century BCE when the Maurya dynasty rule was established here. Later in the beginning of the first century, it was established by the rulers of the Satavahana dynasty of Kolhapur, and then by the Chalukya rulers of Badami, it ruled from 580 AD to 750 AD.
In the years that followed, many different rulers took control over it. In 1312 AD, Goa first came under the Delhi Sultanate, but they were driven out by the ruler of Vijayanagar, Harihar Pratham. The rulers of Vijayanagara ruled here for the next hundred years and were again made part of the Delhi Sultanate by the Bahami Sultan of Gulberg in 1469. The smallest state in India Goa
Modern History Of Goa:
Vasco da Gama was a Portuguese sailor. Visiting India by Vasco da Gama opened the sea routes from Western Europe to the East via the Cape of Good Hope. He started a new era of world history. It is one of the most successful explorers of the European search era and was the commander of ships traveling directly from Europe to India.
Vasco da Gama also helped make Portugal a world power. ‘Goa Liberation Day’ is celebrated every year on ’19th December’. India had gained independence in 1947, but even after 14 years, the Portuguese were seizing their rule over Goa. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army started the ‘Operation Vijay Campaign’ and liberated Goa, Daman, and Diu from Portuguese rule.
Goa was under Portuguese rule for nearly 500 years, due to which the influence of European culture is felt here. About 60% of the population of Goa is Hindu and about 28% of the population is Christian. A special thing of Goa is that the caste system like Hindus is also found in the Christian society here.
Christianity has more influence in the southern part of Goa, but there is Hindu influence in Vastushastra. The oldest temples are seen in Goa. There are a small number of Christians in North Goa, so there are more samples of Portuguese architecture there.
Culture Of Goa:
Goa’s culture is very ancient in terms of culture. It is said that 1000 years ago, Goa was known as “Konkan Kashi”. Although Portuguese people made a lot of efforts to eradicate the culture of this place, the original culture here was so strong that even after conversion it could not be erased.
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With the arrival of the rainy season, nature gives Goa something different, but unique. This place is very suitable for peace-loving tourists and nature lovers. Goa is a small state. There are about 40 big and small beaches here. Some of these beaches are of international level. That is why Goa has its own distinct identity on the world tourism map.
Tourist crowds are most frequent in Goa during the summer months. When this crowd ends, then it starts here for the tourists who want to enjoy the monsoon here.
Kalangut Beach, 16 km from Panaji, in a long queue of Manabhavana Beach in Goa, near Baga Beach, Miramar Beach near Panaji Beach, Dona Paula Beach at the mouth of the Zuari River. On the other side, Colva beach is one of such beaches where tourists will definitely want to come during the monsoon. Not only this, if the weather supports, other beautiful sea beaches like Bagatore Beach, Anjuna Beach, Sinkarian Beach, Palolem Beach can also be seen.
Districts Of Goa:
Goa has two districts: North Goa District and South Goa District
Economy Of Goa:
Goa has emerged as one of the most developed states in India. Goa has also achieved the status of one of the best states in India in terms of investment climate and infrastructure. It is well connected to the metros, trade and commercial centers by road, rail, sea routes as well as airways. Goa’s Mormugao has a natural harbor as well as a number of small ports, which have immense potential for the development of commercial facilities.
In addition, it also has a full-fledged Internet connection and a vast network of telephone exchanges, which provide high quality living facilities to its citizens. Therefore, Goa is the leading state in the development of the Indian economy. The state is endowed with dense forests and mineral wealth. It produces various types of agricultural crops and horticulture. The state has made considerable progress in the areas of tourism, electronics, pharmaceutical manufacturing, and agrochemicals. It contributes significantly to the national exchequer, through mining and tourism.
Literacy Rate Of Goa:
Goa has a literacy percentage of 82.32, the third-highest in India after Kerala (90.86) and Mizoram (88.80). Male literacy in Goa is 88.88 percent and female 75.51 percent. Goa has a variety of educational and training institutes ranging from schools to colleges and technical institutes. Goa University is located close to Panaji. Ghats and ships are full of dock activities and have a separate Miramar coast. Where the Institute of Oceanography is famous for its researches and expeditions about the South Pole. A grand government building is located at the entrance. the smallest state in India
Situated on the picturesque seashore, Goa province is famous for its natural beauty and unique culture. Prior to independence, this province had been a colony of the Portuguese and the French. Because of this, even today, the full impact of Western culture is seen on the living, language, and food of the place. St. Francis Xavier arrived here in 1542. He preached Christianity by staying here. 80 percent of the people in Goa are Christians.
Sports Of Goa:
Off other areas of India; While cricket is the most popular sport, the most popular sport in Goa is football. There are many popular football clubs here. Apart from this, many players from Goa are also interested in hockey. the smallest state in India