The coastal areas of India have 13 major sea ports and 200 small sea ports in India. Major ports are under the Central Government and small ports are under the State Governments of India. The 13 major sea ports in India is situated in the country are equally built on the eastern and western coasts.
- 1 Table of Contents
- 2 Eastern Coast Sea Ports In India:
- 3 Western Coast Sea Ports In India
- 4 List of Top 13 Sea Ports In India
- 4.1 Jawaharlal Nehru Port (or) Nhava Sheva Port
- 4.2 Mumbai Port
- 4.3 Mormugao Port
- 4.4 Cochin Port
- 4.5 New Mangalore Port (or) Panambur Port
- 4.6 Paradip Port
- 4.7 Haldia Port
- 4.8 Kandla Port
- 4.9 Tuticorin Port
- 4.10 Chennai Port
- 4.11 Ennore Port or Kamarajar Port Limited
- 4.12 Visakhapatnam Port or Vizag Port
- 4.13 Port Blair
- 4.14 FAQ:
Table of Contents
- 1. Eastern Coast Sea Ports In India:
- 2. Western Coast Sea Ports In India
- 3. List of Top 13 Sea Ports In India
- 4. Jawaharlal Nehru Port (or) Nhava Sheva Port
- 5. Mumbai Port
- 6. Mormugao Port
- 7. Cochin Port
- 8. New Mangalore Port (or) Panambur Port
- 9. Paradip Port
- 10. Haldia Port
- 11. Kandla Port
- 12. Tuticorin Port
- 13. Chennai Port
- 14. Ennore Port or Kamarajar Port Limited
- 15. Visakhapatnam Port or Vizag Port
- 16. Port Blair
- 17. FAQ:
Eastern Coast Sea Ports In India:
- Kolkata Port
- Paradip Port
- Visakhapatnam Port
- Haldia Port
- Chennai Port
- Ennore Port and
- Tuticorin Port
Western Coast Sea Ports In India
- Cochin Port
- New Mangalore Port
- Mormugao Port
- Mumbai Port
- Jawaharlal Nehru Port and
- Kandla Port
List of Top 13 Sea Ports In India
|Port’s Name||City||State||Interesting Facts|
|Jawaharlal Nehru (or) Nhava Sheva Port||Navi Mumbai||Maharashtra||Known as the ‘King Port of the Arabian Sea’.
Largest container port in India.
|Mumbai Port||West Mumbai||Maharashtra||The largest sea ports in India|
|Mormugao Port||South Goa||Goa||One of the earliest modern sea ports in India|
|Cochin Port||Cochin||Kerala||Major ports on the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean routes.
It is located on 2 islands Willingdon and Vallarpadam.
|New Mangalore Port (or) Panambur Port||Mangalore||Karnataka||It is a weather port on the shores of the Arabian Sea|
|Paradip Port||Jagatsinghpur||Orissa||It is situated at the confluence of the Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal.
It has its own railway system.
|Haldia Port||Kolkata||West Bengal
|It is the base of the Indian Coast Guard|
|Kandla Port||Gandhidham||Gujarat||Major ports of the west coast.
It is the busiest and richest sea ports in India.
|Tuticorin Port||Tuticorin||Tamil Nadu||The second-largest port in Tamil Nadu.
Now called ‘VO Chidambaram Port’.
|Chennai Port||Chennai||Tamil Nadu||India’s third largest container port.
The largest port in Tamil Nadu.
|Ennore Port or Kamarajar Port Limited||Ennore||Tamil Nadu
|Limited India’s first corporate port|
|Visakhapatnam Port or Vizag Port||Visakhapatnam||Andhra Pradesh||The only natural harbor on the coasts of the Bay of Bengal.
India’s oldest shipyard
|Port Blair||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Located in the confluence of the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea.
India’s smallest port
So, let’s now know in detail about the Sea Ports in India below…
Jawaharlal Nehru Port (or) Nhava Sheva Port
Nhava Sheva Port, formerly known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port, is India’s fastest-growing container port located in Maharashtra. Major exports from this port are
- Sporting Goods
- Textile Machinery
- Chemical Pharmaceuticals And Import Chemicals
- Electrical Machinery
- Vegetable Oil and Aluminum and Other Non-Ferrous Metals.
The Mumbai port is situated on the western coast of India in the naturally deep waters of western Mumbai. Mumbai Port is the largest sea ports in India and manages cargo traffic with four jetties to handle liquid chemicals, crude oil, and petroleum products.
- It is a natural harbor located in Mumbai.
- The capacity of this port is around 200 tons.
- It is called the gateway to India. It is more elaborate than other ports.
- Most of India’s trade is through this port.
- The largest natural harbor on the west coast
- Highest importing port (20% of India’s trade from here)
The Mormugao Port is the main port of Goa and the best natural sea ports in India located in South Goa. Mormugao Port is considered as the major iron ore exporting port in India. This port is very close to Vasco-de-Gama, which is an important city.
A major attraction of Mormugao Port Goa is Vasco da Gama and the international airport Dabolim. If you are planning a trip to Goa then you should also visit this port once.
The Cochin port located in Ernakulam district of Kerala is the largest sea ports in India and a major port on the Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean Seaway. Tea, coffee, and spices are mainly exported from here as well as being a hub for shipbuilding.
To visit here, there are many tourist attractions like
- Marine Drive
- Fort Kochi
- Hill Palace
- Mattancherry Palace
- Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium
- Jewish Synagogue and Bolgatty Palace which you must visit once.
New Mangalore Port (or) Panambur Port
The New Mangalore Port, also known as Panambur port, is a major port located in Karnataka. The New Mangalore port is defined as a hassle-free port which is connected with a unique system of delivering cargo by trucks.
Major exported products from this port are such as
- Granite stones
- Coffee and
- Cashew is exported to the port of Mangalore
And the main imports include
- Wood logs
- Petroleum products and
- Cargo containers.
Along the shores of the Arabian Sea, there is a beautiful beach at the southern part of the southern port.
The Paradip port is one of the major sea ports in India. It is a deepwater port located on the coast of Orissa. Paradip Port is the major port on the east coast and is located at the confluence of the Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal. This port is associated with art and technology. This port mainly deals with iron ore and coal. Large quantities of iron ore are exported to Japan from here.
The Haldia Port or Kolkata Port is a major port located near the Hooghly River in the state of West Bengal. The port of Haldia is one of the major trade centers for Calcutta and receives bulk cargoes of chemicals, petrochemicals, and oils.
- Built to reduce a load of Calcutta on the Hooghly River south of Kolkata Port
- There are also refineries here.
The Kandla port is one of the nine sea states of India, a major Sea Ports in India and hence has emerged as a major center of trade and commerce. Kandla port is located in the Kutch district of the state and was constructed after the partition of Pakistan in the 1950s at the loss of the port of Karachi.
This Port is one of the highest-grossing sea ports in India and is the largest private sea port in India. It is close to Gandhidham, which is a famous tourist destination. The major imports going to Kandla port are
- Steel and
- Iron machinery
- Chemicals and salt
- Textiles and grains
Today, the Kandla port is India’s highest-grossing port and a hub for grain exports and oil imports.
The Tuticorin Port is an artificial deep seaport and one of the 13 major ports in India. It is the second-largest port in Tamil Nadu. The port of Tuticorin on the Bay of Bengal is the best port for sea trade and pearl fisheries. This port is located at the southern end of the state of Tamil Nadu.
- Rice etc. are exported
And items like
- Cotton textiles etc. are imported.
The Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second-largest sea ports in India. It is located on the Coromandel Coast in the Bay of Bengal and is the main port of Tamil Nadu. The main merchandise includes
- Iron ore
- Petroleum products, etc.
This port is surrounded by historical and modern lighthouses, due to which it looks very beautiful.
Ennore Port or Kamarajar Port Limited
Situated 24 km From the Chennai port on the Coromandel Coast the Ennore port is among 13 significant sea ports in India. The port has both street and railroad links to ease transport. It mainly manages the transportation of coal, and that was its initial reason for improvement being the Tamil Nadu power board required fuel for its activities.
The Ennore port presently manages the handling of more than 16 million tons of coal for each year. Aside from coal it additionally manages the exchange of iron metal, oil-based goods, and synthetic compounds. The possibilities for this port are to construct three multi-reason billets and five containers. Ennore Port is an exclusive port.
Visakhapatnam Port or Vizag Port
Visakhapatnam Port, also known as Vizag port, is one of the major ports in India located in Andhra Pradesh. Lord Willington inaugurated the port of Visakhapatnam in December 1933. This port deals with the trade of
- Iron ore
- Alumina and
- Oil etc.
It is equipped with Eastern Naval Command in the Indian Navy. This is the oldest shipyard in our country, so you can spend some of your holidays at this place by visiting the beautiful port.
The Port Blair port is located in Andaman and Nicobar islands and is one of the major ports of India. Also, this port is situated between two international shipping lines Saudi Arabia and US Singapore. The port was declared a major by the government due to the contribution of seaports to India.
Port Blair port is the youngest sea port in India and is connected to the mainland of India by ship and flight. Here you can enjoy your vacation by participating in activities like beaches, scuba diving, water sports, etc.
Q. How many seaports are in India?
A. There are 13 major sea ports in India and more or less 200 small seaports are there in India.
Q. Which is the largest seaport in India?
A. Nhava Sheva Port, formerly known as Jawaharlal Nehru Port, is India’s fastest-growing container port located in Maharashtra. This one is the largest seaport in India
Q. Which is the busiest seaport in India?
A. Paradip Port is one of the major sea ports in India. It is a deep-water port located on the coast of Orissa. This one is the busiest seaport in India
Q. Which is the youngest seaport in India?
A. Port Blair port is the youngest sea port in India and is connected to the mainland of India by ship and flight. Here you can enjoy your vacation by participating in activities like beaches, scuba diving, water sports, etc.
Q. Who inaugurated the port of Visakhapatnam?
A. Lord Willington inaugurated the port of Visakhapatnam in December 1933. Visakhapatnam Port, also known as Vizag port, is one of the major ports in India located in Andhra Pradesh.
Q. Which is the second largest sea port in India?
A. Chennai Port, formerly known as Madras Port, is the second-largest sea ports in India. It is located on the Coromandel Coast in the Bay of Bengal and is the main port of Tamil Nadu.
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